Analysis on the current situation of barrel beer i

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Analysis of the current situation of barreled beer in the world

barreled beer has developed for nearly three decades abroad, and it is a quite mature beer packaging method. Barreled beer accounts for 30% of the total beer production in Germany, 80% in Britain and a considerable proportion in other Western European countries. According to the normal estimation of the force on the test piece, at present, the output of barreled beer in the world accounts for about 20% of the total beer volume, and this proportion continues to expand. This is because the market of bottled beer is expanding day by day. Packaging in beer barrels can save more than 30% of the cost than packaging in glass bottles or cans, and breweries can obtain higher profits. In Europe, almost every brewery produces barreled beer, and some breweries only produce barreled beer without other packages

the production and sales of barreled beer is a complete system, including beer barrels used as packaging, barreled production lines installed in breweries and wine sellers installed in retail outlets. Beer barrels can be reused, with a service life of more than 20 years. They can be operated effectively by machines. The materials used until the last barrel itself can be recycled. Therefore, they are considered as green kegs, which meet the requirements of environmental protection. In Europe, the volume of most beer barrels is 50 liters and 30 liters, and there are some 10 liter party kegs and a few 5-liter tins of beer. As the name suggests, the 10 liter banquet bucket is suitable for small banquet activities, but it needs to be equipped with a special micro carbon dioxide cylinder and a wine tap to use; Banquet barrels can be run on the modified barrel washing and filling machine to realize automatic production. 5-liter tinplate tinned beer is a one-time consumption, and the packaging can not be recycled, nor can it be produced automatically on the barreled production line. Only a semi-automatic filling machine can be used to fill wine, which has low production efficiency. Special attention should be paid to its shelf life, so the selling price ratio is high

after a long period of development, the cleaning and filling process of beer barrels has been mature. Breweries, beer barrel equipment manufacturers and scientific research institutions combine to adopt the general standard beer barrel cleaning process according to the general chemical composition of beer and the physical changes inside and outside the beer barrel during the production and sales process. This procedure includes residual pressure inspection, residual liquor discharge, water cleaning, alkaline (and/or acid) cleaning, hot water cleaning, steam sterilization, etc. In the operation cleaning procedure, it also includes immersion cleaning, pulse cleaning, eddy current cleaning and other methods, in order to ensure that the entire inner wall of the beer barrel, the inner and outer walls of the outlet pipe of the barrel mouth valve and the joint of the valve body are cleaned. For beer with special ingredients (such as high concentration), special cleaning procedures can be prepared or special cleaning media can be selected according to the requirements of users or managers of the company. Carbon dioxide back pressure filling and automatic control of filling wine barrels have become the common benchmark of breweries and barrel equipment manufacturers. For the treatment of beer before filling, the process of fine filtration is basically adopted in Japan; In Europe, most breweries still use instant sterilizers for pasteurization. Many breweries have installed oxygen content detectors on the barrel loading line to dynamically monitor whether the oxygen content of beer increases in the production process

in foreign countries, barreled beer has also formed the following characteristics after 30 years of development

there is a perfect sales service system. Kirin breweries in Japan have 18 breweries all over the country, which can shorten the distance from the production plant to the sales area as far as possible, and ensure that barreled beer can be sold out within two days after production. Kirin's beer barrel specifications include 7 liters, 10 liters, 15 liters, 20 liters and 25 liters, so as to adapt to the different sales volume of each retail point and avoid waste due to oversold. However, the beer barrel equipment standards of the five beer companies in Japan are different and cannot be used universally. The same is true in Europe. Not only can famous brands of barreled beer get the same service and beer quality everywhere, but also locally sold beer has good service, the same health standards and the same good beer. This is not only related to the long history of local beer production, but also closely related to the degree of social and economic development

barrel beer equipment is perfect and standardized. First of all, beer barrels have been fully standardized in Europe, such as DIN standard and euro norm standard, which have clear provisions on beer barrels and barrel port valve connecting seats; In addition, the standards of some enterprises with high product market coverage have also become the actual product standards in the industry, such as the standard of barrel mouth valve. Beer barrels are made of stainless steel without exception. Even if the outer surface is covered with plastic such as polyurethane, there is also a stainless steel liner. Whether they are all stainless steel barrels, plastic ring stainless steel barrels, or plastic wrapped stainless steel barrels, and whether the volume of the barrels is 50 liters, 30 liters, 20 liters or 10 liters, they all have several same sizes, so that these beer barrels can be equipped with barrel mouth valves and can operate on the barrel cleaning and filling machine. Due to historical reasons and the physical fitness of workers, European breweries use a large number of 50 liter beer barrels. The consumption of 30 liter beer barrels is about half of 50 liters, and there are few 20 liter and 10 liter barrels. Secondly, the production of beer barrels tends to be centralized. In Germany, at least six enterprises have abandoned the production of beer barrels in the past decade; The three largest barrel factories produce most beer barrels in Germany, and the production capacity of each factory is about one million. These barrel factories are often owned by a certain steel company, and they are interested in the Chinese market. In Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Finland and other countries, there are some large or small beer barrel production enterprises

there are complete categories of barreled beer equipment, which can meet the needs of barreled beer production. On the basis of ensuring the basic barrel cleaning and filling technology, in recent years, we have focused on the development of the production capacity of the barrel line. For example, the filling capacity of a single barrel line has reached 1500 barrels per hour, which meets the needs of some large breweries to expand the production of barrel beer and equipment transformation. Small barreled lines are hard to see in Germany. Occasionally, equipment manufacturers produce small equipment only to supply orders from Eastern Europe or China. The special equipment of the barrel loading line includes barrel unloading and stacking machine, overturning machine, capping and capping machine, pre washing machine, external washing machine, barrel cleaning and filling machine, beer instantaneous sterilization machine, etc. Like the competition in the beer barrel Market and then measuring the output, the manufacturers of barreled line equipment eliminated the fittest through market competition, and many manufacturers withdrew from the competition. At present, GEA till company and KH s company in Germany have a relatively complete range of products. Their barreled production line has a production capacity of 1500 barrels per hour, which is the largest barreled production line at present

producers of bar equipment compete in the shape design of wine columns, which are resplendent, frugal and generous, with light and reflective wine labels, helping the competition in the barreled beer market. The wine dispenser is not a high-tech product, and its structure and appearance have not been changed. Since the Convention to prevent Freon from damaging the ozone layer in the earth's atmosphere has entered into force, European wine machine manufacturers have stopped using refrigerants such as R12. The new refrigerant and refrigeration process have been solved by the manufacturer of refrigeration compressor

many breweries in Europe are not allowed to use dangerous methods such as prying with tools, and beer barrels are entering the so-called critical age, that is, the running time has been very long, and it is time to update. At present, the foreign beer industry has the advantages of barreled beer, such as low cost and convenient transportation. The closed system of the beer barrel keeps the barrel wet and easy to clean. Because the barrel mouth valve with insurance is not easy to open, the beer barrel can not be used for abnormal use. The barreled line can operate automatically, and the lowest oxygen content in the beer is determined to continue to maintain; At the same time, it is required to pay more attention to the biological problems of beer barrels and barrel loading lines, such as using advanced monitors and automatic control systems to find and monitor those defective beer barrels that may be contaminated by microorganisms

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