The most popular process of forest paper integrati

2022-07-29
  • Detail

In 1951, the second national paper industry conference proposed that in the long run, the development direction of China's paper industry should be "dominated by wood pulp, supplemented by straw pulp"

In 1958, a major turning point occurred, and the development strategy of "focusing on grass" was put forward, which led China's paper industry to a wrong road. Moreover, from the founding of the people's Republic of China to the reform and opening up, under the strategic background of giving priority to the development of heavy chemical industry, the scarce forest resources have been given priority to the capital construction. The use of light intelligence and tablet computers also means that the paper industry, where managers can remotely view the manipulator and test station industry anywhere, is naturally excluded

1998, experts in forestry, paper industry, economics and entrepreneurs from 13 listed paper companies gathered in Beijing to hold a strategic seminar entitled "combining industry and finance to reshape China's modern paper industry", which emphasized the necessity of combining forestry with paper and hoped that forestry would prosper paper industry

2000, experts and scholars once again called for the creative exploration and selection of forest paper integrated management model

at the Hainan forestry, pulp and paper integration seminar held on November 7, 2003, everyone realized once again that in the face of the shortage of raw materials for pulp and paper in the face of the domestic situation of improving the reliability of the hydraulic system, in fact, we have a practical solution: Forestry and paper integration

In 2004, China's paper industry, after decades of development, has ranked third in the world for many years, which fully illustrates the rapid development of China's paper industry. However, China's paper products can only meet the needs of low domestic consumption level, and are far from meeting the needs of high-quality paper products. How to face the increasing domestic demand for high-grade paper? In the words of experts, the only way to solve this problem is "forest paper integration". The "forest paper integration" is not only to solve the problem of paper raw materials, but also one of the ways to solve the problem of small paper mills blooming everywhere and paper pollution. The state must give some support in relevant policies to make China's paper industry embark on a virtuous circle as soon as possible

among the manufacturing industries in the world, the output value of modern paper industry ranks behind the telecommunications manufacturing industry and automobile industry, but before the steel industry and aerospace industry. In developed countries such as the United States, Canada, Japan and Northern Europe, the paper industry has become one of the top ten pillar industries. In China, with the development of national economy and the improvement of people's living standards, the development of paper industry is particularly important

China's pulp and paper has always been dependent on imports. Especially since 1993, China's import of wood pulp, paper and paperboard has continued to grow. The import of wood pulp in 2002 more than doubled that in 1998. At present, the imported pulp and paper rank third in the foreign exchange of China's main imported commodities, second only to oil and steel. The figures provided by the 2002 annual report of the China Paper Association show that in 2001, China imported wood pulp, paper and paperboard shared a foreign exchange of 11.7 billion US dollars, or about 96billion yuan. The money spent on imported pulp and paper products each year can rebuild the Three Gorges. Experts have concluded from the demonstration that wood papermaking is far superior to grass fiber in terms of pulp yield, cost comparison and environmental protection. Only the characteristics of wood fiber can meet the requirements of high-grade and high-quality products. For a long time, China has been taking the grass fiber as the main raw material. As a result, domestic paper products can only meet the needs of low-grade consumption, but there is a serious shortage of high-grade products with wood pulp as raw materials, so we can only rely on imports to meet the needs of the domestic market. The unreasonable raw material structure, the small proportion of wood pulp and the large proportion of non wood fiber are the bottlenecks restricting the development of domestic paper industry

"more grass and less wood" is the key. Professor cuiheming, an expert in papermaking in China, has pointed out that China's huge papermaking volume is supported by two "mud feet": one is "grass", that is, the route of using grass fiber as the main pulping raw material for pulp, and the other is "small", that is, the industrial route of developing small paper mills. With these two feet, China's paper industry ranks among the third largest country in the world, facing a more serious crisis than other industries. More than 95% of the world's paper powers, such as the United States, Canada and Finland, use wood pulp for paper making. Most domestic paper-making enterprises use wheat straw and waste as their main raw materials. Using non wood fibers as their main raw materials, it is not only difficult to produce high-quality products in large quantities, such as coated paper. On the other hand, it also causes the average size of Chinese paper-making enterprises to be small, with backward technology and equipment, serious pollution and weak competitiveness, That fundamentally restricts the development of China's paper industry

"more grass and less wood" is an objective factor for China's paper industry to use non wood fibers as the main raw materials. China is a large agricultural country with abundant grass resources. Wheat straw is concentrated in Shandong, Anhui, Henan, Jiangsu and other provinces; Straw is concentrated in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Hunan and other provinces; Hunan, Hubei and Northeast China are rich in reed resources; Guangdong and Guangxi are rich in sugarcane resources. On the other hand, China is short of forest resources, and its per capita forest area ranks 119 in the world. Moreover, the regional distribution of forest is extremely unbalanced, the age structure of trees is unreasonable, and the recoverable resources are insufficient. Before the 1990s, the domestic paper market had been plagued by shortage. In order to eliminate the shortage, we focused on the pursuit of quantity expansion and expansion of production capacity, which enabled the great development of papermaking with grass as the raw material

vigorously promoting "forest paper integration" is the only way for the development of China's paper industry. To completely change the current backward situation, we must get rid of the "mud foot" of "straw pulp as the main raw material" and develop a pulping route with wood fiber as the main raw material. The main source of wood fiber is artificial forest. The combination of forest and paper, interdependence and common development is the experience of the world's paper industry developed countries. The average forest coverage rate in the world is 26%, which is higher than or even more than ten times that of Canada, Finland and other paper-making developed countries. The rise of China's paper-making industry should also continue to rely on the integration of forest and paper, that is, the artificial forest farm is the first workshop of the paper industry, and the deeper is that forest and paper are the same investor. Over the past half century, China has built more than 300 million mu of artificial forests. We should not wait for the forest to be built before we develop the wood pulp and paper industry, but should use the development of paper industry to drive the development of artificial forest. In the process of developing forest paper integration, enterprises can invest in the construction of raw material forest base which is more beautiful than spraying, take the construction of raw material forest as the first workshop of enterprise production, and include the forest cultivation cost into the cost of pulp and paper products. The paper-making enterprises can also sign contracts or orders with farmers, share risks and benefits, and develop forest paper combination. The paper-making enterprises can directly place orders or sign contracts with farmers, so that the enterprises can obtain a stable supply of raw materials and farmers can also ensure a stable income. With the practice of taking enterprises as the main body, supplemented by necessary national policies, the integration of forestry and paper will be carried out smoothly

paper making industry is a rare industry in China that can not meet the needs of the domestic market. It is predicted that by 2015, the consumption of paper and paperboard in China will be about 80million tons. According to statistics, the average per capita paper consumption in the world in 2002 was 55 kg, the highest in the United States was nearly 310 kg, while the figure in China was only 27 kg. Therefore, the potential of the paper market is huge. The combination of forestry and paper industry and the development of wood pulp paper industry are the strategic needs of reshaping China's paper industry

information source:

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI